Unraveling the Complex History of Homo sapiens in Africa: Insights from Genetic Analysis and Demographic Inference
Dr. Brenna Henn, a geneticist from the University of California, Davis, and her colleagues conducted a groundbreaking study titled "A weakly structured stem for human origins in Africa," published in Nature in March 2023. They analyzed human populations in Africa using newly sequenced genomes, yielding valuable insights into the intricate history and population dynamics of humans on the continent. Their findings revealed that a weakly structured stem model best describes the origins of Homo sapiens in Africa. The research was also covered by the New York Times, further highlighting its significance.
The team encountered challenges due to limited data and variations in previous estimates of divergence times. To overcome these obstacles, they developed an innovative methodology that incorporated linkage disequilibrium and diversity-based statistics, optimized for rapid and complex demographic inference. Through large-scale simulations of human history and analysis of genetic data, they shed light on the intricate demographic history of African populations. The study's findings underscore the importance of exploring multiple models to obtain accurate insights into deep historical events, emphasizing the necessity of a comprehensive and multifaceted approach in unraveling our complex past.
Ragsdale, A.P., Weaver, T.D., Atkinson, E.G. et al. A weakly structured stem for human origins in Africa. Nature (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-023-06055-y
Zimmer, C. (2023). Study offers new twist in how the first humans evolved.